Of 8.7 lakh Sikhs in Rajasthan, about 6 lakhs are in Ganganagar and Hanumangarh districts that border the southwestern districts of Punjab. In J&K, compared to the Muslims, it is low for both Sikhs and Hindus; it is indicative of the precarious situation of both communities there. In Mandi, Bilaspur, Shimla and Kinnaur districts, however, the Sikhs have registered negative growth. As we have remarked earlier, this decline in growth is much more pronounced outside Punjab, though it is not insignificant in Punjab also. But even in these five districts, their rate of growth is considerably lower than that of the total population and of the Hindus. A mass Grave of Sikhs killed in November 1984 has been discovered after 26 years in village Hondh-Chillar, District Rewari, Haryana. Add your answer and earn points. Even the actual number of Sikhs has declined in several major States, including Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Assam. The district-wise data seems to indicate that the number of Sikhs has contracted particularly in those districts where their presence is not very high. The share of Sikhs has declined both in Punjab and outside Punjab; but the decline has been more pronounced among Sikhs outside Punjab. During 2001-11, Sikhs in Punjab have grown by 9.68 percent; those outside Punjab have a registered a growth of just 4.42 percent. ). Of the remaining 48 lakh Sikhs, 14.6 lakh are in Haryana, Chandigarh and Himachal Pradesh, which formed part of the Punjab prior to its reorganisation in the sixties. for making special rules to appoint the Chief Gurdwara Election Commission under the supervision of the Prime Minister and the Home Minister. Sikh religion data of all states as per Census 2011 figures. File Photo: Protest by farmers. Nearly 90 percent of all Sikhs are in the Punjab and its immediate neighbourhood. According to the 2011 census of the total 25351462 population of Haryana, Hindus numbering 22171128 constitute 87.5% of the whole population of the state followed by 1781342 numbers of Muslims [7%] and 1243752 of Sikhs [Approx. In Sirmaur and Solan, the other two districts with significant Sikh presence, their share in the population has somewhat improved over 2001. Another 11 lakh Sikhs are in the neighbouring States of Jammu & Kashmir and Rajasthan. But during the decade of 2001-11, not only had there been a deterioration in the share of Sikhs but also the absolute number has even declined in the state of Chandigarh and that too is not just one or two but a total of 10 out of the 21 districts of the state of Punjab. Haryana sikhs News and Updates from The Economictimes.com. In fact, the share of Sikhs has declined in all major States, except Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. During 2001-11, their growth at 10.42 percent is only slightly below the growth of the total population at 12.94 percent and that of Hindus at 12.63 percent. In West Bengal, another State with a significant presence of Sikhs, their number has declined from 66.4 thousand in 2001 to 63.5 thousand in 2001. Further, Sikhs with (4.91%), Muslims (7.03%) are the largest minorities in the state. Delhi, as we have seen, accommodates a fairly large number of Sikhs. According to the same source, there are 54.9 million Hindus outside India forming 6.15 percent of all Hindus. 90% of all Sikhs in the world live in India. In Jalandhar, Hoshiarpur and Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar (Nawanshahar) districts, they now form less than one third of the population; and they are in a minority in Gurdaspur and Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar (Mohali) districts. Visit Search Gurbani, Encyclopedias encapsulate accurate information in a given area of knowledge and have indispensable in an age which the volume and rapidity of social change are making inaccessible much that outside one’s immediate domain of concentration.At the time when Sikhism is attracting world wide notice, an online reference work embracing all essential facets of this vibrant faithis a singular contribution to the world of knowledge. Tata Steel (PP) 97.80 8.85. These five are among the few districts where the Sikh presence is relatively high. Sikhism is the fourth largest religion in India and is concentrated in the state of Punjab with some spread to Haryana, Delhi NCR, Rajasthan, and Uttarakhand. It had increased from 0.38 percent in 1961 to 0.51 percent in 2001. Visit The Sikh Encyclopedia. There are only about 1.3 lakh Sikhs in the remaining 13 districts of the State. In the following, we try to document the various dimensions of this decline. During the last decade, they have actually registered negative growth and their absolute numbers have declined in all districts except Ganganagar, Hanumangarh, Alwar, Bundi and Udaipur. Their growth has been indeed positive in Pilibhit, Kheri, Rampur and Bijnor, four of the districts in which they have a significant presence. In Punjab, the ratio for the Sikhs is 906 compared to 879 for the Hindus and 862 for the Muslims; in Haryana, it is 903 for the Sikhs compared to 876 for the Hindus; in Chandigarh, it is 940 for the Sikhs compared to 803 for the Hindus and 721 for the Muslims; and, in Delhi, it is 938 for the Sikhs compared to 865 for the Hindus and 855 for the Muslims. Visit World Gurudwaras, SearchGurbani brings to you a unique and comprehensive approach to explore and experience the word of God. In other States, the lower female-male ratio of Sikhs probably indicates their status as a migrant community, among whom men often dominate. In Udham Singh Nagar, which accommodates two-thirds of all Sikhs in the State, Sikhs have grown by 15.06 compared to the growth of 32.62 percent of the Hindus, 46.33 percent of Muslims and 56.29 percent of Christians. But this is because the Sikhs are concentrated in Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh and Delhi region, where the gender ratio of all communities happens to be rather low. The ratio is 903 females per 1000 males for the Sikhs compared to 943 for the total population of India, 939 for the Hindus and 951 for the Muslims. After Punjab, Haryana has the second largest Sikh Population in India. The decline in the share of Sikhs has been happening for a while now, but the widespread contraction that has happened during 2001-11 seems new. In Rohtak, their numbers have declined by as much as 22 percent; there were 5,079 Sikhs counted there in 2001; in 2011, the count is 3,916. Besides Punjab, the neigh­bouring state of Haryana accommodates about 6 per cent of the total population of the Sikhs. Dr. J.K. Bajaj is Director, Centre for Policy Studies and author of several books including the landmark “Indian Demographics.”, Copyright IndiaFacts Research Centre - 2015, IndiaFacts Webinar: Hinduphobia on Wikipedia, Know Who the Real Fascists Are: The Harsh Mander Video, The Bhattacharjee Chronicles – I: How to Take Over a Country and Reformat its Civilisation, Not Oppressed: A Statement of Shudra Pride. They formed 7.67 percent of the population in 1961; in 2011, they are only 3.40 percent. The presence of the Sikhs in these two States was slowly rising as seen in the Table here. It is important to seriously study the phenomenon, look into the causes of decline and take appropriate steps to ensure that the community retains its significant place both in and outside Punjab. The Sehajdhari Sikh Party which is a registered political party by the EC of India has hailed the decision of the Union Govt. In November 1984, the village was inhabited by more than 35 Sikh families and on November 02,1984 in an organized and well planned attack, the entire village was burnt along with its Sikh population and their Gurudwara. At 22 million individuals, Indiahas the largest Sikh population. Their growth in the other three districts is also considerably lower than the other communities. Muslims are predominantly found in the Mewat or Nuh locale. The high presence of Sikhs in these tarai districts along the border of Nepal is a consequence of a planned effort to establish agriculture in this forested region. But what is remarkable in the data compiled in the Table here is the sudden and sharp decline in the rate of growth of Sikhs outside Punjab. In Uttarakhand, the Sikhs have recorded on overall positive growth of 11.47 percent; but their growth has been negative everywhere except the four districts of Dehradun, Hardwar, Nainital and Udham Singh Nagar, in which they have a significant presence. Sikhs number about 25 million worldwide, and approximately 83% of them live in India. The other remarkable feature of the data compiled in the Table above is that during the last decade the growth rate of this distinctive community has declined rather drastically almost everywhere, and in many places they have registered negative growth. Of 6.4 lakh Sikhs in Uttar Pradesh, 3.5 lakhs are in Bijnor, Rampur, Pilibhit, Shahjahanpur and Kheri districts. Haryana government nominates 41 people as members of Haryana Sikh Gurdwara Management Committee 23 Jul, 2014, 10.42 PM IST. Within these neighbouring States, the Sikhs are concentrated largely in a few districts adjoining Punjab. During the decade, they have recorded the highest growth of 36.25 percent in the rapidly expanding district of Gautam Buddha Nagar adjoining Delhi; but even in that district, their growth is somewhat lower than that of the total population at 37.11 percent. After 1981, however, the rate of growth of Sikhs began to lag behind that of the Hindus and the total population; and, the share of Sikhs in the population of India began to slowly decline. This segment of the Sikh population owes its origin to the process of spill-over from the densely populated parts of the Punjab to the relatively open tracts of land in the newly created state of Haryana. Also in Haryana, the share of the Sikh population has come down from 6.81 percent in 1961 to 4.91 percent in 2011. We also show the district-wise numbers of Sikhs counted in 2011 in Map VIII-A. The Sikh population in Haryana is close to one crore, though the number of Punjabi-speaking population could be much higher. Here, Sikhs have been represented in all areas of the government from President to Prime Minister to Council Ministers. They make up to one third of the population in Mirpur (Jammu and Kashmir), Gujranwala Multan, Muzaffargarh, Manipuri, Bahawalpur, Patkiala, Faridkot (Punjab) Rohtak and Mahendragarh (Haryana) A popular occupation among them is farming. During 2001-11, the Sikhs have grown at a much lower rate compared to the Hindus; who themselves have grown slower than the total population of India. It seems that there has been a great decline in the few Sikhs who were scattered in various other districts of the State. In the Table here, we have compiled the number of Sikhs as counted in the seven decennial Censuses since 1951. The share of Hindus has correspondingly gone up from 75.84 percent in 1991 to 80.78 percent now. Haryana Population 2019 –28.6984 Million. The total figure of population living in urban areas is 8,842,103 of which 4,720,728 are males and while remaining 4,121,375 are females. But in their home region of Punjab and its neighbourhood, the female-male ratio of Sikhs is considerably better than others. As per census 2011, Hindu are majority in Haryana state. The Growth rate of Sikhism fell down to 8.4 % from previous figure of 16.98 %. It has the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, Amrit Kirtan Gutka, Bhai Gurdaas Vaaran, Sri Dasam Granth Sahib and Kabit Bhai Gurdas. The HSGPC had been constituted under the Haryana Sikh Gurdwara Management Act will continue to hold charge and manage the affairs of the gurdwaras in Haryana. To understand this extraordinary decline of the Sikhs both in and outside Punjab, let us begin by looking at the distribution of Sikhs across India. Provisional population totals Haryana data sheet ( Format : pdf , Size :674 kB ) 3. In Haryana the share of Sikhs has been declining since 1961 and in Chandigarh since 1971. But during 2001-11, not only there has been a decline in their share, but also their absolute number has declined in Chandigarh and in as many as 10 of the 21 districts of the State. It has now risen, for the first time, to around 77 percent. Their share in the population, however, has been declining from decade to decade. In Chandigarh, the Sikhs have registered negative growth during 2001-11; their numbers have come down from 1.45 lakhs in 2001 to 1.38 lakhs now. In the two decades since then, their share has declined by more than 5 percentage points, from 62.95 percent in 1991 to 57.69 percent in 2011. As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Panipat in 2011 is 294,292; of which male and female are 157,148 and 137,144 respectively. If we correct for these exclusions by interpolating the numbers for these two censuses, then we get the figures as shown in the Table here. The share of Sikhs has declined in every district of the State except in the rapidly growing Gurgaon. As indicated by the 2011 evaluation population of Haryana, Hindus comprise 88% and are the majority with Muslims at 7% and Sikhs 4.9% being the biggest minorities. Sikhs have recorded decadal growth of 8.42 percent as against 16.76 percent of the Hindus and 17.72 percent of the total population. According to an authentic compilation of the religious demography of the world, edited by Johnson and Grim, there are 1.6 million Sikhs in the world outside India in 2010, and they form 7.28 percent of all Sikhs. Their rate of growth in Punjab was fairly high up to 1991; after that there has been a rapid decline. This, therefore, cannot be the reason for their declining share, at least in this region. There are only about 1.3 lakh Sikhs in the remaining 13 districts of the State. World Gurudwaras will strive to be most comprehensive directory of Historical Gurudwaras and Non Historical Gurudwaras around the world.The etymology of the term ‘gurdwara’ is from the words ‘Gur (ਗੁਰ)’ (a reference to the Sikh Gurus) and ‘Dwara (ਦੁਆਰਾ)’ (gateway in Gurmukhi), together meaning ‘the gateway through which the Guru could be reached’. The all-India average of the female-male ratio of Sikhs is indeed lower than the other major communities. In the two States together, they have recorded negative growth of -1.15 percent compared to the considerable growth of 31.71 percent during 1991-2001 and of 47.34 percent during 1981-91. The number of Sikhs and Hindus migrating out of India as a proportion of their population is probably not very different. It was happening for a few decades, but the phenomenon has become considerably pronounced now. In several districts of the State, including Kaithal, Panipat, Sonipat, Jind, Hisar, Bhiwani, Rohtak, Jhajjar, Mahendragarh and Mewat, the Sikhs have registered negative growth. Earlier, Hooda had announced to carve out a separate Sikh gurdwara management committee for the Sikhs in Haryana. Hooda, keeping an eye on the Sikh vote bank, said his government would endeavour to popularise the language. In Haryana, their share has come down from 6.81 percent in 1961 to 4.91 percent in 2011; in Chandigarh, it has declined more drastically from 25.45 percent in 1971 to 13.11 percent in 2011. The urban population … Outside Punjab and its neighbourhood, the share of Sikhs has declined everywhere except in Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. Notwithstanding the general impression of Sikhs being present everywhere, their presence outside the Punjab and its neighbourhood is not very high. An account of these visits is available in the works of Macauliffe and the Sikh traditional literature of Bhai Santokh Singh who had received instruction in Hindu religion from a Pandit of Kaul (in Kurukshetra Distt. The decline in the share of Sikhs in Delhi can probably be attributed to the influx of large numbers from the other States of India. 5%] being the largest minorities. Another 14.5 lakh Sikhs are in the somewhat farther neighbourhood of Delhi, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand. In Una district that accommodates 26 thousand of 78.6 thousand Sikhs in the State, the different between the growth of Sikhs and Hindus is much larger at 11.28 and 16.40 percent, respectively. Migration therefore cannot explain the relative decline of Sikhs in India. Thus, in relative terms, the size of Sikh diaspora is not much larger than the Hindu diaspora. Below, we give in some detail the changes that have occurred in the Sikh presence in different parts of India. During 2001-11, their presence has declined in every district of the State, and quite substantially in some of them. The rate of growth of Sikhs outside Punjab has been merely 4.42 percent. But in these districts also Sikhs have grown much slower than the other communities, and their share in the population has contracted everywhere. Some impression of the limited presence of Sikhs outside Punjab can be had from the fact that the 2011 Census counts less than 3 thousand Sikhs in the huge metropolis of Chennai and about a thousand in Coimbatore. A vast majority (84.45%) of population in Haryana are Hindu followers. The distinct presence of Sikhs in Delhi is a consequence of the Partition, when a large number of Punjabis, who were forcibly uprooted from western Punjab, took shelter in Delhi and its neighbouring regions of Haryana. Notwithstanding the general impression of Sikhs being present everywhere, their presence outside the Punjab and its neighbourhood is not very high. Benchmarks . You can explore these scriptures page by page, by chapter index or search for a keyword. Earlier, Hooda had announced to carve out a separate Sikh gurdwara management committee for the Sikhs in Haryana. ANDY FACTS presents CASTE-WISE population of Haryana, we have provided and explain about caste population, who is dominant, majority and how to percentage do they accuire in total population … Sikh merchant castes such as the Khattris, Aroras, and Suds, and other non-Jat groups such as the Ramgharias are part of the Sikh … Table 3 Sikhs compose at least 20% of the total Sikh population,4 and in the past have tended to oppose their Jat Sikh coreligionists who are identified with the landed elements. The detailed figures for the State clearly indicate a widespread contraction of Sikhs; the contraction here is even more pronounced than in Uttarakhand and Rajasthan. Muslims in this Hindu dominated district have grown by 55.27 percent. Sikhism in Pakistan has an extensive heritage and history, although Sikhs form a small community in Pakistan today. In Jharkhand, their number has declined by more than 14 percent between 2001 and 2011; and their growth has been negative in all but two districts of the State. Now the share of Sikhs in Punjab itself is declining and their limited presence outside Punjab seems to be undergoing a sharp contraction. Within this region, the gender ratio of Sikhs is in fact much better than that of other communities, as seen in the Table here. But, that does not explain the rather low growth of only 2.70 percent in the Sikh population during the last decade. The Sikh population in Haryana is close to one crore, though the number of Punjabi-speaking population could be much higher. The size of each state/province in Punjab with estimated populations are: Punjab, India: 21 million (60% Sikhs, 35% Hindus, 2% Muslims) Haryana, India: 18 million (90% Hindus) Himachal Pradesh, India: 5.5 million (96% Hindus) Punjab, Pakistan: 80 million (95% Muslims) It is only during the last two decades that they have begun to grow at a slower pace than others; in these two decades, their share in the population of India has come down from 1.95 to 1.72 percent. Haryana Urban Population 2011 Out of total population of Haryana, 34.88% people live in urban regions. Several Sikh Gurus visited Kurukshetra and other parts of Haryana and in their memory various Gurudwaras were built here. The greatest concentrations of Jats are found in districts of Punjab and Haryana. Percentage of sikh population in haryana - 1374842 vijaya9689 is waiting for your help. They now form 13.11 percent of the population, compared to 25.45 percent in 1971 and 20.29 percent in 1991. Complete Data of all religions and comparision in each state. Large numbers of Sik… 23:03. Nifty 12,719.95 29.15. During 2001-11, they have grown by less than 1 percent in both States. World Gurudwaras will strive to be most comprehensive directory of Historical Gurudwaras and Non Historical Gurudwaras around the world.The etymology of the term ‘gurdwara’ is from the words ‘Gur (ਗੁਰ)’ (a reference to the Sikh Gurus) and ‘Dwara (ਦੁਆਰਾ)’ (gateway in Gurmukhi), together meaning ‘the gateway through which the Guru could be reached’. Hinduism constitutes 87.46% of Haryana population. In the State as a whole, the growth of Sikhs at 13.37 percent has been lower than that of Hindus at 18.68 percent; but both have registered much lower growth than the Muslims at 26.12 percent and the Christians at 75.53 percent. Can secularism meet its end in India, that is Bharat? In this decade, the Sikhs in Haryana have grown by only 6.24 percent; this is to be compared with the growth of 18.84 percent of the Hindus, 45.88 percent of the Muslims and 85.24 percent of the Christians. About 76% of all Sikhs live in the north Indian State of Punjab, forming the majority (about two-thirds) of the population. In the Table below, we have compiled the number, proportion and growth rates of Sikhs in 1991, 2001 and 2011 for all the major States of India with more than 0.10 percent of Sikhs in their population. Sikh Population 2011 India has Sikh Population of 2.08 crores as per latest figures of 2011 census. Hooda, keeping an eye on the Sikh vote bank, said his government would endeavour to popularise the language. Substantial communities of Sikhs live in the Indian states or union territories of Chandigarh where they form 13.11% of the population, Haryana (over 1.2 million), Rajasthan, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Maharashtra, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Assam and Jammu and Kashmir. ... Punjab’s population was 2.4 crore, of which Sikhs comprised about 60%. This is the first time since the creation of the current reorganised State of Punjab, when the Sikhs outside Punjab have grown slower than those in Punjab. There indeed are some Sikhs in far off regions like Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Andaman and Nicobar, etc., but there they form one among many other communities that have migrated to these regions from different parts of India. Table 2: Comparitive Sex-ratio,child sex ratio,literacy of Haryana Districts:2001 and 2011 ( Format :doc, Size :26 kB ) 5. 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